The Maltese Terrier is an admirable and playful purebred pooch.
The popularity of these adorable pups has been on the rise for the last 20 years.
It not hard to see why when he has the following traits;
- He is a white and fluffy dog.
- This ball of fluff has a big personality that is packed in a small body.
- He is known for being extremely friendly and loving.
The Maltese Terrier is more than just good looks as you are going to see as you continue reading this article.
No dog is perfect but what matters is what traits you love seeing in your dog. Is he fit for the kind of lifestyle that you have?
What do you need to know about the Maltese?
Stay with us as we look at some of the fascinating facts, the qualities that he packs and learn how best you can take care of him.
Let us get right into it.
Contents and Quick Navigation
- About the Maltese Terrier
- General Characteristics and appearance of the Roman Ladies dog
- Temperament and personality traits of the Comforter
- History of the Maltese Terrier
- Grooming a Maltese Terrier
- Exercise requirements
- Maltese Terrier Feeding requirements
- Health concerns
About the Maltese Terrier
He is also known as the ‘Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta’ and has been around for quite some time now.
If you like you can also refer to the Maltese Terrier as the ‘Roman Ladies Dog,’ ‘the Maltese lion king,’ ‘the Comforter,’ ‘Spaniel Gentle,’ or you can just keep it simple and call him the Maltese.
These are just some of the names that he has been given through history.
The Maltese are known by most dog lovers for having a silky, flowing, and white coat.
But he has several coat colors in the past.
Maltese is a small breed of dogs in the Toy Group. It descends from dogs originating in the Central Mediterranean Area.
A Maltese is a perfect pet for you. Easy to get along with, playful, and mild-mannered, Maltese Terriers are the epitome of a companion dog. He is a pooch that just wants to get the toy that you hid under the bed and play with you all day.
Small and fragile, this toy dog breed is trusting and devoted to its owner and makes a perfect lapdog.
These dogs do not shed much also.
This is an intelligent breed that is eager to please and makes training him a bit easier.
Training him is important to prevent him from developing the small dog syndrome coupled with some socialization.
This ball of fluff was recognized by the American Kennel Club officially back in 1877. The latest breed standards for this doggo were set in 1964.
He is also recognized by the FCI.
General Characteristics and appearance of the Roman Ladies dog
|Maltese Terrier summary table|
|Height||7 to 9 inches|
|Weight||4 to 7 pounds|
|Lifespan||12 to 14 years|
|Breed Type||Toy breed|
|Purpose||companion and family pet|
|Suitable For||Experienced dog owners and first-time dog owners too|
|Grooming requirements||moderate grooming|
|Health concerns||Eye infections, low thyroid, liver problems, and even shaker dog syndrome|
|Temperament||Tempered, Fearless, Easygoing, Lively, Intelligent, Affectionate, Responsive, Playful, Active, Gentle|
|Other Names||Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta, Spaniel Gentle, Maltese lion king or the Comforter|
The Maltese Lion King is classified as a toy dog breed according to breed standards. He is almost the same size as Chihuahua.
This dog could weigh anywhere between 4 and 7 pounds and have a height of up to 10 inches.
However, you can have a Maltese that is bigger than what has been mentioned above and it can be because of either of these two reasons:
- Depending on the breeding practices and the parents that are used during breeding.
- Your dog may be overweight which may seem absurd for a dog of this size but all dogs can become overweight.
The physical appearance of the Roman Ladies dog
This furry friend is more than having a small body but also boasts having good looks too.
They have faces that are irresistible and big adorable, round, and dark eyes. The eyes are described to be intelligent eyes. He is a pooch that is for sure going to melt your heart every time you take a look at him.
Their bodies are compact and they have what we call an effortless and smooth gait.
The nose should be black and with a muzzle of medium length that is tapered and fine but should not be snippy.
You should note that these black noses could turn pink if you fail to make sure that they get enough sunlight.
This dog should also have a tail that is long-haired and the legs nicely feathered.
Coat appearance and shedding
The Maltese Terrier has a single coat that has no undercoat. An adorable silky and white hair that covers the body is the first thing that you are going to notice.
When this dog is moving he may seem to be floating in a cloud of white hair which is a spectacle to at.
It should be long and straight and could reach the ground.
One of the things that should excite you about this coat is the fact that it does not shed much. This also means that this dog is hypoallergenic and would be perfect for you if you are prone to dog-related allergies.
He may be prone to having tear stains on the coat that is on the face.
White is the only color that is accepted on this dog according to the breeds standards.
Since the year 1913, all the other colors that include tri and bi-color dog colors were considered to be unacceptable.
Your Maltese Terrier could easily get sunburns at the back if the hair is parted.
Temperament and personality traits of the Comforter
This pooch makes up for what he lacks in size in his huge personality.
They are super playful, loyal, and energetic dogs a trait that they have from when they are puppies to when they reach adulthood.
He is a people’s dog and fearless assuming every person that they meet is their human friend. Even people that have no intention of spoiling this pooch always find themselves doing so because of how sweet they are.
You should, however, note that the behavior of your pup is influenced by how you raise, train, and socialize him.
The more he has positive experiences, the more he is going to be well-behaved around you and other people that he is going to meet.
A great place to start socializing your dog is by enrolling him into puppy classes and making him meet the neighbors when you are taking him for strolls.
Compatibility with families
The Maltese Terrier is happiest when he is around people and the companions.
This most likely because they have a lapdog past and this may be where they get their caring and adorable character.
Therefore, with that said, if you are looking for your next family pet this is the perfect dog for you.
His small size also makes him suitable for apartment living. They do not develop snappy and yappy behavior like other small dogs and love to be curled up on the couch with the people that they love.
However, you should always make sure that this dog is handled with a lot of care especially if you have small children in your house.
Holding this dog too tight, rough play, stepping on him, or even dropping him could easily make him get injured.
When they are raised together with other pets and are well-socialized they get along well with them.
They may be nervous about meeting new dogs especially in the environments that they are familiar with.
Frequently asked questions
Is the Maltese a Terrier a toy breed?
Maltese is a toy dog breed.
Do Maltese bark a lot?
Barking is the way dogs try to communicate with you. Some pooches may bark more than others and you cannot eliminate barking in dogs.
The Maltese may tend to bark more when he is not getting enough exercise or attention because you have to remember that this is an affectionate dog that cannot thrive well without the owners’ attention.
If your doggo bark too much, training him could help you minimize it.
What is the cost of a Maltese Terrier?
The average cost of this dog is about $1500 for a single pup.
This cost could go as high as $10000 for the superior breed lines and show dogs.
However, the cost will ultimately be decided by the breeder where you get your Maltese Puppy.
How easy is it to train a Maltese?
These are some of the easiest dogs that you could ever train provided you are doing it in the right way.
With reward-based training and positive reinforcement, this dog can easily pick up new tricks and commands because of how eager to please and intelligent they are.
However, they may be a bit hard to housebreak.
History of the Maltese Terrier
The History of this dog is not very clear. It is uncertain where exactly this dog came from but many believe that he was created from the Spaniel types dogs or Spitz dogs.
They are said to have hailed from Malta and were very popular among the Ancient Greeks. Some people also claimed that this dog was developed in Asia while others believed that he came from Italy and was part of developing other small dog breeds.
Poets and artists from Ancient Egypt, Rome, and Greece have written about this doggo. This includes the Greek Philosopher Aristotle and was one of the people that mentioned ‘Melitaei Catelli.’
This was as early as 370 BC. Some Roman poets also wrote of a white and small dog which some historians claim was the Maltese.
These dogs have been known by many names throughout history;
- Spaniel Gentle
- Melitaei Catelli
- Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta
- Roman Ladies dog
- Maltese Lion dog
- Melitae dog
It is the Chinese that saved this breed from extinction after the fall of the Roman Empire.
However, they were still almost wiped out in the 17th and 18th centuries after attempts to breed them to the size of squirrels were made.
They were saved by breeders that mixed them with Miniature Spaniels and poodles which led to the development of other varied breeds. It is said that dogs like the Havanese and the Bichon Frise are descendants of the Maltese.
It is English breeders that bred the Maltese Terrier as we have known him today. Here they were seen in royalty being owned as lapdogs for Queen Elizabeth 1 and Mary the Queen of Scots.
Since this dog was registered by the American Kennel Club he has seen slow growth in popularity to the point where he is today.
They have performed very well in dog competitions over recent years.
In most cases, the Maltese Terrier has a litter of about 1 and 2 puppies.
The maximum number of pups that this dog can bare is about 3 puppies without having problems during birth.
Most of the time these puppies are born through cesarean section even if it is one pup that can put immense pressure on this dog.
This makes the price of getting one pup be anywhere between $1500 and $2000. Good health care is paramount to the mother.
You should always make sure that the pup you get is from a responsible and reputable breeder.
Puppy mills and some of the background breeders might try and take advantage of this high price tag to try and make more money for themselves. You must avoid suck kinds of breeders by all means because they care more about money rather than the welfare of the dog.
If you are looking to save some money adoption is the best option for you. It could cost you about $300 for adoption.
Here are some of the red flags of some of the breeders that you should avoid:
- Breeders that do advertisements on places like GumTree and CraigsList.
- A good breeder must make sure that he gets to see the home where the pup he develops will go.
- Good breeders are more than happy to show you the health information of the parent breeds and information about the temperaments. Sometimes it might be hard to meet the father but you should at least get the information about the parents.
- Health checks should be done on both the dam and the sire to eliminate any chances of bad breeding. However, it can be hard to tell which health issues your pup has inherited until he grows up.
Grooming a Maltese Terrier
This pawsome doggo has a long and silky coat that reaches the ground.
Thus, it may easily get dirty and could easily form mats and tangles.
You will need to brush the coat daily gently. Doing this will help prevent the formation of excess mats and tangles and at the same time keeping the coat shiny and healthy.
If your Maltese has mats the best way to remove them is by using a detangling spray and using your fingers to remove the tangles. You should make sure that you do not hurt your doggie in the process.
A weekly bath will also helo in keeping the coat clean.
Removing any mats and tangles is important before you bath your ball of fluff because they tend to be tighter when they are wet.
Trimming the coat to a desirable size(a puppy cut to less than an inch long) is also recommended.
You want your canine to look like a beautiful and cute pup throughout his life and the best way to accomplish this is by proper grooming.
More on grooming
Apart from taking care of the coat the ears should also be checked for any signs of infections and cleaned.
Any hair that is around the ears should also be removed.
Consult your groomer or your vet if you need any help with any of the grooming processes that you are not comfortable doing by yourself.
The nails should be trimmed two times every month to prevent them by wearing out by themselves which can be painful for the dog. You should take a great amount of care when you are trimming the nails because they have blood vessels in them.
Earlier we had mentioned that the facial coat of the Maltese Terrier gets tear stains and there are some steps that you can take to minimize them:
- You should clean the eyes daily using warm and clean water. Also, wash the dog’s beard after every meal that he has.
If this does not clear the tear stains you should give your vet a visit because it could be a health-related problem.
You should brush the doggo’s teeth at least two times a week to prevent any risk of periodontal diseases and bad odor.
These are incredibly fragile dogs because of their small size.
However, they still need to exercise to prevent them from getting overweight and making sure that they are physically and mentally stimulated.
As much as they love to play about 30 minutes of daily walks is going to be more than enough for this four-legged friend.
If your Maltese is super active indoors he will not need you to exercise him much.
It should not cost you much effort to make sure that he stays healthy and in shape.
The doggo’s bones are usually developing till he reaches about 8 months old and before that, you should not take him for long walks.
If you have a fenced yard where this dog can roam and explore freely it would be a bonus.
And because of how fragile these dogs are extreme weather is not good for them.
Maltese Terrier Feeding requirements
This is a dog that has enjoyed Royalty and was bred feeding o the best and became picky eaters in the process.
He may have digestive issues and you will, therefore, need to watch his diet closely.
But first, you need to make sure that you meet his nutritional and calories requirements.
A general rule of thumb is using the dog’s weight in pounds and multiplying it by 30 calories. You will find the daily amount of calories that you need to feed him.
Let us say for example that your dog weighs 5 pounds which means you will need to make sure that he gets 150 daily calories.
This is about one-half cup of high-quality kibble every day. These should be divided into several daily meals.
The meals should be made up of at least 20% protein and you should know that quality outweighs quantity.
5% to 10% of the diet should be made up of fats and oils to keep the coat shiny and to provide the dog with energy.
If you notice that your furry friend has any signs of discomfort or digestive issues you should visit the vet for a check-up.
Generally, these dogs are healthy but are still prone to some health issues. Their average lifespan is of about 12 to 15 years especially when they are in good health.
One of the most common health conditions is Hypoglycemia.
This condition is also known as low blood sugar and can cause seizures or even death if it is not handled correctly.
The best way to manage this condition is by giving your Maltese about 3 to 4 meals in a day to keep the blood sugar levels correct.
These dogs are also known to suffer from dental issues.
Brushing their teeth or giving them chewable toys can be a great way to prevent some of these conditions.
Patellar luxation is also another common health concern
This is a common condition that occurs in small dogs where the bones are not properly lined up. It is a condition that can later lead to arthritis if left untreated due to the rubbing of the bones. The good news is that it can be treated in the early stages through therapy and medication and in severe conditions through surgery.
Their small size also makes them prone to respiratory, liver, and heart conditions.
If you are looking to own a Maltese you should be prepared to pay any medical bills that may arise.
As you have seen the Maltese Terrier is more than just a cute little doggo that lies in your lap for hours on end.
He has a deep ancient past and has seen the rise and fall of civilizations like the Roman Empire.
This is a loving and loyal dog that you would also love as a companion.
Would you get one of these dogs?
Feel free to tell us what you think and leave us your feedback in the comment section below.
There you go WOOF!!!